On March 15th, the Global Health Council released a new research report analyzing U.S. global health policies, their achievements and shortcomings; United States Global Health Policies: Gaps and Opportunities for Improvements. The 96 page report examines in detail the gaps and opportunities for improvements in the U.S. HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis and Maternal, Newborn, Child and Reproductive Health policies.
The U.S. is by far the largest contributor of donor aid towards global health. According to the OECD statistical data, since the early 2000’s U.S. set the trend for virtually all health-related official development aid disbursements.
Top 6 Development Assistance Committee Country Donors for health-related ODA, current US billions
There have been many positive outcomes that resulted from the assistance provided by U.S. programs, including the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), as well as programs to address tuberculosis (TB), maternal and child health, and reproductive health. These programs managed to put millions of people on life saving treatment, prevented thousands of newborn HIV transmissions, averted many deaths from malaria and alleviated tuberculosis suffering of many people.
The U.S. funding for global health plays a central role in ensuring that many countries stay on an positive trajectory for achieving many of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The paper recommends areas for improvement to help the U.S. continue its progress towards saving lives.
In addition to the positive outcomes, there have been shortfalls – when policies and programs did not fully achieve their goals – and times when policy and practice were not guided by the evidence base. This report undertakes a preliminary comparison of policy, practice and evidence to demonstrate what U.S. global health policy could do better to prevent and treat infections, address the health needs of pregnant women and children, and promote health and well-being of the communities.
To read more and in detail about the different U.S. global health policies, their achievements as well as their shortfalls please click here.