In June, the Global Health Council published a new report Border Health: Challenges on the Frontier of Health and HIV/AIDS, which examines the unique health challenges at borders and their neighboring regions. Today, more than 2 million people cross international borders every day, contributing to the spread of communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Many people cross borders in search of work or to escape conflict and instability in their own countries. Others are trafficked across borders against their will, as the result of commercial sexual or labor exploitation.
Many of these people face poverty and discrimination and have little or no access to health services; these factors that increase their vulnerability to HIV infection. In addition, instability in some border regions may undermine the development of an effective infrastructure to prevent the spread of HIV and other infectious diseases. In other border regions, health services are overwhelmed by patients who cross the border in order to seek services that are not available in their villages. All of these factors contribute to the unique health challenges that border regions face.
Border Health: Challenges on the Frontier of Health and HIV/AIDS examines the various factors that affect health at border regions and provides a short overview of border health in four regions: West Africa, East Africa, North America and Southeast Asia. The report also reviews programs and initiatives that are designed to improve health in border regions, and includes recommendations for border health programming.
To read the Council’s new report, Border Health: Challenges on the Frontier of Health and HIV/AIDS please visit: http://www.globalhealth.org/images/pdf/publications/2010_border_health.pdf